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Thursday, 20 June 2019

Government at the Center - Chapter 5 - Class 7th - Civics


Class 7th - Social and Political Life - (Civics) Book Cover
Class 7th - Social and Political Life - (Civics) Government at the Centre
Chapter 5:    Government at the Centre
Q1. Answer the following questions in brief:
(i). Describe the composition of Rajya Sabah and Lok Sabah.
Ans. Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha are the two highest law making houses of parliament. Rajya Sabha is composed of 250 members (seats), of these 238 are representatives from states and Union Territories and other 12 are nominated by the president. Lok Sabha is composed of 543 members who are directly elected by the people through franchise.
(ii). What do you mean by residual powers?
Ans. Indian constitution provides three lists of subjects; Union List, the State List and the Concurrent List. Any subject which is not included in any of the three lists is known as Residuary Power. The Central Government has Residual Powers to prevail over the state law if any conflict arises between Centre and State.
(iii). How Bill become a law? Who finally signs the law?
When the Bill is passed by both the Houses (Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha), then it is sent to the President. After President’s signature, the Bill becomes law. The President finally signs the law.
(iv). Who is the Chief Executive of the Indian Union?
Ans. The President is the Chief Executive of the Indian Union.
(v). What are the powers of the President?
Ans. The President has the power to appoint and remove high officials of the Union, such as, State Governors, the Attorney General, the Chief Election Commissioner, other election commissioners, the Chief Justice of India and other Judges of the Supreme Court, chairman and other members of Union Public Commission. He/she has power to declare war, make peace etc. He/she has a power to grant pardon. He/she has a power to make law by signing the Bill.
(vi). Who is the head of Council of Ministers?
Ans. Prime Minister is the head of Council of Ministers.
(vii). Why is the position of Prime Minister Important?
Ans. The position of Prime Minister is important because he/she is to shape to the future of Nation. Entire Council of Ministers is under his/her control. Without him/her all the ministers goes out.
Q2. Match the correct pairs from the following two columns:
Ans.
(i). Lok Sabha………………………550
(ii). Union list………………………97
(iii) Concurrent list…………………47
(iv). Rajya Sabha…………………..250
(v). State list………………………..66

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